Milkthistle fruit is the common name for the fruit of the plant Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.. CalPhotos - … Silybum marianum Common name(s): Milk Thistle, Blessed Milk Thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle and others Synonyme(s): Carduus marianus Family: Asteraceae Origin: Africa, Asia, … Originally a native of Southern Europe through to Asia, it is now cultivated throughout the world for its medicinal and pharmaceutical value. Common Name(s): blessed milkthistle [English] blessed milk-thistle [English] spotted thistle [English] variegated thistle [English] ... Silybum marianum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Silybum marianum Silybum marianum is sometimes known as Blessed Thistle. Milk Thistle - Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Interactions: May increase metabolism of some drugs. Family Name: Compositae. Silybum marianum. & Fourr. It has naturalized in parts of Europe, North America, South America, Australia and New Zealand. (Syn. Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. Milk thistle fruits contain Flavolignane (silymarin) and fatty oil. Reliably reducing milk thistle (Silybum marianum) to zero density: a treatment model for annual weeds with plastic life cycles. That's the trouble with common names - they can be applied to more than one plant. Daisy family (Asteraceae) Common name. Silybum leucanthum Jord. The plant is easy recognized because of the white veins on the leaves, which gave it the name of milk thistle. 13 Dec 2020 Milk Thistle Seed is world renowned for … 1987. The plants are native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. The HMPC conclusions only cover milkthistle fruit preparations that are obtained by drying and comminuting (reducing into tiny pieces) or powdering the fruit or putting the plant material in a solvent (acetone, ethanol, ethyl acetate or methanol) to dissolve compounds and form a liquid extract. 1860; Milk thistle dried extract, no. 60%) and oleic acid (ca. It will increase the production of milk and is safe to use by all breastfeeding mothers. Topics include, study tips, Botanical Actions, Constituents, Pharmacy, Monographs, Nutrition, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Fiber and much more evidence informed medicine. Restrict human access? Gallery: Common names: blessed milkthistle, milk thistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary’s thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle Scientific Name: Silybum marianum (Syn. Missouri Botanical Garden. is the most researched plant for the treatment of liver disease. Silybum marianum Common name(s): Milk Thistle, Blessed Milk Thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle and others Synonyme(s): Carduus marianus Family: Asteraceae Origin: Africa, Asia, Europe and naturalized … The active ingredient, or liver-protecting compound in milk thistle is known as silymarin. Milk thistle preparations must be avoided in any form by people who have existing allergies to milk thistle. Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and … The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Blessed milk thistle Gundagai thistle : Holy thistle Lady's thistle Mary's thistle Mary thistle Milk thistle St. Mary's thistle Variegated thistle Silybum marianum: Fruit Seed Dried . Other compounds include: taxifolin, quercetin, kaempferol, apigenin, naringin, and others. The most widespread species is Silybum marianum. Moench Silybum mariae (Cr.) The plant is easy recognized because of the white veins on the leaves, which gave it the name of milk thistle. Common names; Herb: Milk Thistle Latin name: Silybum marianum Synonyms: Carduus marianus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Milk Thistle: Blessed thistle has a long history of use in the West as a … Common Name: Milk Thistle | Scientific Name: Silybum Marianum. Kommentar zum Europäischen Arzneibuch (Milk thistle fruit, no. Contraindications: Avoid using in those with possible allergy to Asteraceae family. Family: Asteraceae Origin: Southern Europe to Asia Height: 1.50 - 2.00 Brightness: Full sun, partly shaded 30 Seeds : U$ 1.98. Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle, is an annual or biannual plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. MILK THISTLE- SILYBUM MARIANUM. marianum Silybum pygmaeum Cass. Shop now at The Naturopathic Herbalist Holiday Shop! Preferred Scientific Name; Silybum marianum Preferred Common Name; variegated thistle Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; S. marianum … Silybum marianum, commonly called blessed thistle or milk thistle, is a rosette-forming biennial that is native to the Mediterranean region (southern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa). Daisy family (Asteraceae) Common name. albiflorum Eig Silybum marianum var. This book gives top quality content that you will refer to often in class, for board exams & in practice. It grows preferably on sunny, rocky slopes, on fences in the vicinity of houses, train stations and village streets. Historically, these milky bands were said to be Mother Mary's milk, and this is the origin of another common name, St. Mary's thistle. Crushed fruit: 80-200mg TID. Milk thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with white veins. The individual lobes of the stalks including the leaves also end in pointy yellow spines. The most effective and most used part of the herb is its seeds. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) Milk thistle was a traditional treatment for mushroom poisoning. Foliage Leaves have shiny, green upper surfaces and are noticeably variegated with white markings. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Useful information about the plant. Carduus marianus L.), Silver milk thistle, Elephant thistle, Blessed milk thistle. This substance, which actually consists of a group of compounds called flavonolignans, helps repair liver cells damaged by alcohol and other toxic substances by stimulating protein synthesis. Milk thistle, Silybum marianum. 2000; Source Schilcher: Leitfaden Phytotherapie, pg. Silybum maculatum (Scop.) Mushrooms often kill by … One of these thorns is the Silybum marianum. Milk thistle for medicinal purposes only comes from crops. Milk thistle was a traditional treatment for mushroom poisoning. Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle, is an annual or biannual plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. (syn. Milk Thistle Seed is world renowned for centuries because of a natural compound called silymarin found in it. In a Nutshell: * Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle, Saint Mary's Thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle… Legal listings: This plant is also on the Washington State quarantine list. Other Common Names: blessed milkthistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle Weed class: A Year Listed: 1989 Native to: Western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa Is this Weed Toxic? Flickr photos above were identified by the individual photographers but not reviewed by EoPS. Cardus marianus) Description: Blessed milkthistle is a sparsely branched thistle growing up to 6 feet tall and forming dense stands. Milk Thistle - Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. It is common … Milk thistle is a genus of two species of thistles in the daisy family. It grows 60 to 150cm high and blossoms from June to September with purple daisy heads, which consist only of tubular flowers. Family Name: Compositae. * This species is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family. “An erect annual or biennial herb, commonly 90 to 180 cm high. Pharmacy: Tincture: (1:1, 60%), 5-10ml QD. Milk thistle – Silybum marianum is a herb that is used frequently for centuries to help with many diseases. ): Silymarin and standardised extract preparations: internally as supportive treatment in chronic inflammatory liver diseases and liver cirrhosis, for treatment of toxic liver damage (intravenously). Milk thistle has been investigated for its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and CNS effects. Basal leaves are 6-28 in. longispinum Lamotte, 1881 Silybum marianum var. The quality of the following drugs or drug preparations is specified in the European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Cardo mariano (Spanish, Mexico, Chiapas) Cost is $39.95. Scientific Name: Silybum marianum Common name: Variegated thistle Page 1 of 2 QUESTION COMMENTS REFERENCE RANKING Social 1. Show All Show Tabs blessed milkthistle General Information; Symbol: SIMA3 Group: Dicot ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Variegated thistle is very competitive in pastures and, … Consumer information about the medication MILK THISTLE (Silybum marianum) - ORAL, includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. The ripe fruit freed by the pappus is used. Prepared drugs: see package insert; Standardized extract: (80% silymarin), 175-600mg QD. Note: taking with lecithin promotes silymarin absorption, and seeds need to be cracked with any preparation. It has been studied for use in allergic rhinitis, asthma, cancer treatment–related adverse effects, rheumatoid arthritis, type 2 diabetes, drug-induced hepatotoxicity, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, dyslipidemia, and thalassemia; however clinical trials supporting these uses are limited. The milk thistle is native in southern Europe, the Caucasus, and Asia Minor, and to North Africa and the Canary Islands, and has been introduced in many countries. longispinum Lamotte, 1881 Silybum marianum var. This fairly typical thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with Categories: Flowers. The origins of Silybum marianum lie in the region of Southern Europe, the Mediterranean and Northern Africa. Proper name(s) Part(s) Preparation(s) Silybum marianum. This species is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family. Restrict human access? Latin Name: Silybum marianum Common Names: Milk Thistle Seeds. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Properties. Botanical name. Common Name: Milk Thistle | Scientific Name: Silybum Marianum. Herbal monograph for Milk thistle includes parts used, how to use as an herbal medicine, dosage and contraindications. Silybum intermedium Willk. Botanical Nomenclature: silybum marianum Common name: silymarin, marian thistle, blessed milk thistle, variegated thistle, Our Lady's thistle, milk thistle, maria thistle. Botanical Name: Silybum marianum. They are at the bottom of the stem and along the nerves they are usually spotted and marbled in white. The seeds contain 20-30% fixed oil with a high proportion of linoleic acid (ca. Family: Asteraceae. It will also aid in gall bladder problems. Common names … A small but thoughtful selection of some of my favourite herbs for the holidays available for pick up/drop off in Vancouver, or shipment within Canada. According to legend, the variegation on the leaves was caused by the virgin Mary’s milk as it ran down the leaves, hence the specific name marianum. Flowers are crimson to reddish-violet and grow in solitary globular heads 2 … The name "milk thistle" derives from a feature of the leaves, which are prominently banded with splashes of white. Milk Thistle Seeds also known by their scientific name, Silybum marianum, are truly a one of a kind herb. Medicinal Herbs Flowering . Read more about the prescription drug MILK THISTLE (Silybum marianum) - ORAL. Its current distribution includes most temperate areas of the world. This substance, which actually consists of a group of compounds called flavonolignans, helps repair liver cells … 483. Milk Thistle - Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Common name: Blessed milkthistle, Milk thistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary’s thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, Variegated thistle Scientific Name: Silybum marianum. Created and maintained with love by Dr. Marisa Marciano, ND, The Botanical Medicine Manual is the best multidisciplinary, integrated guide available for students, clinicians & instructors. Overview Appearance Silybum marianum is an annual or biennial herb that ranges from 2-6 ft. (0.6-1.8 m) in height. 627 The Milk Thistle tablets I have seen actually come with a warning not to use if you are pregnant or breast feeding. - widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North Africa from Norway and the Canary Islands to China and Maluku; naturalized in Australia, New … Useful … Silver milk thistle, Elephant thistle, Blessed milk thistle. A.Gray Silybum marianum var. The commercially available drug is derived exclusively from crops, partly in northern Germany, but it is mostly imported, mainly from Argentina and China, Romania and Hungary. Thats a bit hint as to what this plant does…..it protects the liver from damage. → Glossary Scientific Name: Silybum marianum Common name: Variegated thistle Page 1 of 2 QUESTION COMMENTS REFERENCE RANKING Social 1. blessed milkthistle, blessed milk-thistle, milk thistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle. According to legend, the variegation on the leaves was caused by the virgin Mary’s milk as it ran down the leaves, hence the specific name marianum. Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. A.Gray Silybum marianum var. Common names; Herb: Milk Thistle Latin name: Silybum marianum Synonyms: Carduus marianus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Milk Thistle: Blessed thistle has a long history of use in the West as a remedy for depression and liver problems. Toxicity: Though rare some adverse effects have been reported (sweating, abdominal cramps, diarrhea). Silybum intermedium Willk. Milk thistle to support the digestive function in dyspeptic complaints (traditional use acc. Eur. I am curious about the post relating to the species Silybum marianum stating that ‘marianum refers to the Sierra Morena in southwestern Spain.’ Every source I have seen relates this name to the supposed shedding of milk droplets onto a thistle leaf as the Virgin Mary fed the Christ Child. Recent research has confirmed that it has a remarkable ability to protect the liver from damage resulting from alcoholic and other types of poisoning. albiflorum Eig Silybum marianum var. Moench Silybum mariae (Cr.) Homonyms Silybum marianum Gaertn. Milk Thistle is an annual or biennial herb growing up to 6 feet tall, with coarse, prickly-edged leaves streaked with white veins. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s) Table 1. Common Names. This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. Their thistle-like appearance is due to the outer husks of the blossom, ending in strong, sharp thorny spikes. Common Names: Milk Thistle Seeds Milk Thistle Seeds also known by their scientific name, Silybum marianum, are truly a one of a kind herb. Carduus … The brown-spotted fruit has a shiny white pappus as a vessel of flight. Common Names: cardo de la alameda (Spanish, Argentina) Girault. The active ingredient, or liver-protecting compound in milk thistle is known as silymarin. One of these thorns is the Silybum marianum. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertner, the blessed milk thistle, which has a large number of other common names, such as variegated thistle. & Fourr. 300 Originally a … Teas are not recommended because they will not produce the effective dose. Silver milk thistle, Elephant thistle, Blessed milk thistle. Plants for a Future. → Advisor, Medicinal herbal preparations in finished drug products, Milk thistle fruits (fructus Silybi Marian), Preset (standardised) purified milk thistle. Constituents/Active Ingredients: 1.5-3% silymarin, which includes a mixture of several flavonolignans. Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum (milk thistle). to § 109a). There is as yet no experience on safety of its use during pregnancy, breast-feeding or in children under 12 years old so do not use without consulting a doctor. Contact us to report errors. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Carduus marianus L.) Family. Rarely mild laxative effect and hypersensitive reactions, Wichtl: Teedrogen und Phytopharmaka, pg. Homonyms Silybum marianum Gaertn. The thistle-like plant grows for a year or two. One species has been introduced elsewhere, including in North America. Other Common Names: Bull thistle, emetic root, frauendistel, fruit de chardon marie, heal thistle, holy thistle, lady’s thistle, Marian thistle, mariendistel, Mary thistle, … Silybum leucanthum Jord. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) … Mushrooms often kill by killing your liver. Summers, Tony M. (2012) Other Silybum marianum Information. * Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle, Saint Mary's Thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. Contents. Resources. 1996-2012. “An erect annual or biennial herb, … Common Name: SUNFLOWER FAMILY Habit: Annual to tree.Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound.Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling … The common name, Milk Thistle, ... Silybum marianum (PLANTS Database, 12 November 2019). Intensive scientific research have been carried out in Germany and in the United States, have confirmed the therapeutic effectiveness of Milk thistle – Silybum … (syn. Plants for a Future Database: Silybum marianum … Stem leaves spiny, stiff and often reflexed; flower heads surrounded by large stiff reflexed bracts ending in sharp spines. References: Proper name: USDA 2018; Common names: USDA 2018, McGuffin et al. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. (15.2-71.1 cm) long with spiny margins. This gives it a role in any chronic liver disease and especially those due to alcohol, drug, or dietary abuse. Gaertn.) Contemporary research confirms this use! Family: Asteraceae Part used: Fruit/Seed Constituents: Flavolignans (silymarin complex), flavonoids, volatile oil, bitter principle, mucilage Actions: Cholagogue, hepatic, hepatoprotective & hepatorestorative, galactagogue, demulcent Medical uses: Research has shown that it promotes the regeneration of diseased liver cells and protects them … Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Scientific Name/Common Name: Silybum marianum / Milk Thistle. Silybum maculatum (Scop.) It is an invasive self-seeder in some locations (Class A noxious weed in the State of Washington). marianum Silybum pygmaeum Cass. Introduction. Silybum marianum. Preferred Scientific Name; Silybum marianum Preferred Common Name; variegated thistle Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness ; S. marianum is a very large and conspicuous thistle, already reported as a highly invasive weed in the 1800s. 174 Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum … Carduus marianus L.) Family. Van Wyk: Handbuch der Arzneipflanzen, pg. Other Common Names: blessed milkthistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle Weed class: A Year Listed: 1989 Native to: Western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa … Introduction. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum L. Part(s) Used: Seed extract. (syn. The genus name Silybum comes from the Greek "silibon" (etymologically Syllibon) = tassel. Medical uses: Research has shown that it promotes the regeneration of diseased liver cells and protects them against some poisons. 2071), → Medicinal plants Silybum marianum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Silybum marianum ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . The website also … Its therapeutic properties are due to the presence of silymarin, a mixture of three flavonolignans … Silybum marianum has other common names including cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, … Milk thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with white veins. Family: Asteraceae. Botanical name. Silybum marianum                                  Common name: Milk Thistle, Constituents:  Flavolignans (silymarin complex), flavonoids, volatile oil, bitter principle, mucilage, Actions: Cholagogue, hepatic, hepatoprotective & hepatorestorative, galactagogue, demulcent. Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. Silybum marianum Common name: Milk Thistle. Infusion: 1/2 tsp/cup, infuse 15 min, 1/2 cup TID. : livestock. Recommended because they will not produce the effective dose been introduced elsewhere including. Ingredient, or dietary abuse form by people who have existing allergies to milk thistle is provided a. Useful … Common name: Silybum marianum treatment of silybum marianum common name disease from alcoholic and other types of poisoning that. Website also … Common names: USDA 2018, McGuffin et al a! It promotes the regeneration of diseased liver cells and protects them against some.... 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