I am still trying to identify the weeds that inhabit and terrorize my landscape. However, many of the species in this genus contain saponins, though usually in quantities too small to do any harm. (unranked): Rosids Edible uses: Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. In Britain, where the plant is considered a weed, its standard name is Fat-hen, though this is used for other plants also; the unambiguous name is White Goosefoot, and it is also known as lamb’s quarters, nickel greens, pigweed or dungweed, or more ambiguously as just goosefoot. Pennsylvania smartweed and ladysthumb (smartweeds) emerge in early in the spring. Source. Many species also contain oxalic acid (the distinctive lemony flavour of sorrel) – whilst not toxic this substance can bind up other minerals making them unavailable to the body and leading to mineral deficiency. The stem stands erect at 3-20 dm in height and can found either unbranched or widely branched. * Important announcements and news Provided no chemicals have been applied to your lawn, you can eat your way out of the problem. Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum) is an annual broadleaf. Division: Magnoliophyta Genus: Chenopodium Pennsylvania Smartweed, PA Ecotype. Although it is rather small, we have found the seed very easy to harvest and simple enough to utilize. Have used Speedzone last couple of years only to have it come back again. A zero moisture basis analysis is also available. Because of this extensive root system it can be a strong competitor with other plants and is often difficult to control. It is not as competitive as most weeds and does not do well in crowded fields, where it tends to get pushed out. (unranked): Angiosperms For a list of references used on this page please go here. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. The plant is native to most of Europe and northern and central Asia. Lady’s thumb is an annual plant in the buckwheat/smartweed (Polygonaceae) family. An infusion has been used as a treatment for gravel and stomach pains. The crushed leaves have been rubbed on poison ivy rash. Eradicating: When handling Smartweed don't place hands close to eyes - it burns! A distilled water made from the plant makes an excellent eye lotion. Leaves are alternate, lance-shaped with pointed tips and smooth margins, usually hairless and occasionally with a purple watermark. http://www.eattheweeds.com/smartweed-nature%E2%80%99s-pepper-and-pharmacy/ Learn about wild food with Green Deane. I spent an entire growing season harvesting those tasty lemony little leaves and including them in every salad I made that year. The native Pennsylvania Smartweed, formerly Polygonum pensylvanicum, is common throughout most agricultural regions of the state and often weedy in urban areas, and was once considered a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota. Cotyledons are narrow oval to lance-shaped with rounded tips. Kingdom: Plantae Common plantain is a safe and effective treatment for bleeding, it quickly staunches blood flow and encourages the repair of damaged tissue. [WARNING: The leaves and seeds of all members of this genus are more or less edible. purple cudweed Gnaphalium purpureum. pinweed. The root is a remedy for the bite of rattlesnakes, it is used in equal portions with Marrubium vulgare. An edible solution to dollarweed. | Humble Garden -- Topsy.com. Genus: Plantago Each plant can produce a few seeds up to many thousands. top Class: Magnoliopsida The most effective control methods focus on preventing the plants from producing seeds. Alas, my new flock of chickens discovered them this year, too, and ate every last plant and turned the ground under them into a dust wallow. It is rather small and fiddly to utilize. Mer said: Good stuff here: RT @nika7k: Know and even eat your weeds! Pennsylvania Smartweed Polygonum persicara. Source. The juice of the stems is applied to freckles and sunburn. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.An infusion of the plant tops has been used in the treatment of epilepsy. Activate the Wp-cumulus plugin to see the flash tag clouds! Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. This QR Code is unique to this page. Order: Lamiales The good news is that if you do have dollarweed it is edible. Species: P. pensylvanicum Pennsylvania Smartweed is a summer annual plant that is native to North America. Edible seed – dried and ground into a meal and eaten raw or baked into a bread. Source, I did not find an edible use for this plant, An infusion of the plant tops has been used in the treatment of epilepsy. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Smartweed is evil, and basically my enemy, but I understand the others can and have had have their uses here and there. The stem also has small sticky glandular hairs. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. So it is well worth learning and collecting seed from this genus, though it may not be a beginner forager’s easiest plant to start with. Pennsylvania Smartweed Persicaria pensylvanica laevigata Smartweed family (Polygonaceae) Description: This annual plant is 1-4' tall, branching occasionally. Edible seed – dried and ground into a meal and eaten raw or baked into a bread. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds. Antidote; Astringent; Demulcent; Deobstruent; Depurative; Diuretic; Expectorant; Haemostatic; Laxative; Ophthalmic; Poultice; Refrigerant; Vermifuge. Family: Polygonaceae Source. They are used externally in treating skin inflammations, malignant ulcers, cuts, stings etc. Find related pest control products, articles and questions on Pennsylvania Smartweed. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Others, such as the very similar looking Pennsylvania smartweed (Polygonum pennsylvanicum) can have a taste so biting that wildlife often won’t eat it unless no other vegetation is available. The edible parts of Smartweed are both the leaves and stems either raw or better yet cooked to remove oxalic acid. Edible parts of Smartweed: Leaves and stems - raw or cooked. This genus of plants provide the #1 seed loved by wildlife on the Super Seeds List and upwards of 65 different bird and mammal species eat smartweed seed. The roots of the Polygonum multiflorum are also edible raw or cooked as are the roots of the Polygonum bistortoides The seeds of the P olygonum douglassii, P olygonum aviculare and the European Polygonum convolvulus have been eaten since mesolithic times. Source. Order: Caryophyllales The leaves are generally very nutritious but very large quantities can disturb the nervous system and cause gastric pain. Smartweeds emerge from soil depths of less than 1". The Long-Bristled Smartweed is one of the more common in Western Pennsylvania, though it is an import from Asia. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. A Chinese form has more palatable leaves – it contains about 2.7% protein, 0.4% fat, 2.2% ash. Waste ground in moist soils. Plantago major is a species of Plantago, family Plantaginaceae. Pennsylvania Smartweed is a great wildlife food plant, especially for waterfowl and is an essential component in wetland restoration and habitat seed mixes. [WARNING: Although no specific mention has been made for this species, there have been reports that some members of this genus can cause photosensitivity in susceptible people. They can also be made into an acid peppery condiment. It prefers to grow alongside other plants like pickerelweed, pondweed and milkweed, along with many other weeds that enjoy moist soil. … More >>>. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes. (unranked): Asterids See more ideas about Plants, Edible plants, Edible. Family: Buckwheat or Smartweed Family (Polygonaceae) Species: P. maculosa In nitrogen-rich soils, the plants can also concentrate hydrogen cyanide. See more ideas about Medicinal plants, Herbalism, Plants. Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica syn. The leaves are best not eaten raw, see the notes above on toxicity. Genus: Polygonum This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Swamp smartweed resembles Pennsylvania smartweed and ladysthumb in appearance; however, it is usually much larger and is a perennial that can reproduce by long, creeping, woody rhizomes. Having said that, a number of common foods such as sorrel and rhubarb contain oxalic acid and the leaves of most members of this genus are nutritious and beneficial to eat in moderate quantities. It is native to the nearly… Pennsylvania Smartweed can also grow in the same kinds of soils as Lady's Thumb, but this weed, Polygonum pennsylvanicum, is more tolerant to drought than many other smartweeds. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The blade may be marked with a dark blotch. They are also broken down to a large extent in the cooking process. Scientific classification Pennsylvania Smartgrass, aka Pinkweed and Pennsylvania Smartweed is officially known as both Persicaria pensylvanica and Polygonum pensylvanicum. Jun 18, 2015 - Explore Delaware Water Gap~Pocono Moun's board "Plants and trees", followed by 188 people on Pinterest. The seed can be sprouted and added to salads. The leaves have been used as a wipe on the anus in treating bloody piles. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. KY: Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Cooking the plant will reduce its content of oxalic acid. The former is preferred. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. 1. The seed should be soaked in water overnight and thoroughly rinsed before being used in order to remove any saponins. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Order: Caryophyllales The leaves are applied as a wash or poultice to bug bites, sunstroke, rheumatic joints and swollen feet, whilst a decoction is used for carious teeth. Family Polygonaceae Also Called Heart's Ease, Lady's Thumb. Polygonum pensylvanicum is a ANNUAL growing to 0.7 m (2ft 4in). The entire plant is antidote, anti-inflammatory, blood tonic, depurative, diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge and hepatic. The flower spikes are also fairly narrow—only about ¼ inch across. The plant has a broad antibacterial activity, effective against the growth of Staphylococci and streptococci. puncturevine Tribulus terrestris. It is best not to use the leaf-stalk since this is even more fibrous than the leaf. purslane Portulaca oleracea. Link as proof that it can be grown in aquaria Pennsylvania Smartweed: Family: Polygonaceae: USDA hardiness: Coming soon: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats ... Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available. Best herbicide to kill Pennsylvania Smartweed in turf during mid to late spring in Pennsylvania? Their fecundity is a sight to be seen and I definitely respect it I just wish I could get tomatoes to do the same thing! Activate the Wp-related-posts plugin to see the related post list! It is a summer annual, herbaceous, broadleaved plant that is not well-recognized as being an edible plant. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.]. Kingdom: Plantae Smartweed is an herb. Only the raw leaves can cause problems, and then only if large quantities are consumed. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at firstname.lastname@example.org. The leaves are astringent, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish. Both Lady's Thumb and Pennsylvania Smartweed annuals reproduce by seed. var s = '
I have been wondering what that plant was as I find it in my landscape. Genus: Persicaria USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Although toxic, saponins are poorly absorbed by the body and most pass straight through without any problem. The standard native English name is Greater Plantain, though it is also called Common Plantain in some areas where it is introduced, particularly North America. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. The leaves have been used as a wipe on the anus in treating bloody piles. Very tedious to harvest. The seed can also be sprouted and added to salads. Division: Magnoliophyta prickly sida Sida spinosa. Source. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Leaves are lance-shaped. Source. The leaves contain about 3.9% protein, 0.76% fat, 8.93% carbohydrate, 3% ash. Genus: Thlaspi It starts to emerge in the spring, sets its seeds in late summer, and dies in the fall. pineappleweed Matricaria discoidea. Family: Plantaginaceae It can grow explosively in seasonal water basins, receding waterlines of lakeshores or any moist disturbed area. pokeweed Phytolacca americana. Young inflorescences – cooked. 3. We will not sell or share your email address. It is very rich in vitamin B1. Division: Magnoliophyta Today I am going to show some of my main weeds and identify where I am able. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Plants For A Future is a resource centre for rare and unusual plants, particularly those which have edible, medicinal or other uses. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. Common Names: Pennsylvania Smartweed, Pennsylvania Knotweed, Pinkweed, Pink Knotweed, Pinweed. The leaves are anthelmintic, antiphlogistic, antirheumatic, mildly laxative, odontalgic. prostrate spurge Euphorbia supina. (unranked): Angiosperms The seed is a tonic. The dried leaves make an acceptable tea. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. We also have 13 LaMancha dairy goats, 40 chickens, and one guard llama. I just went to your website for the first time and I am glad that it was front and center. Flowers are present June through October. Rutgers: New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station Weed Gallery, University of Minnesota Extension Weed ID site, Illinois Council on Food and Agricultural Research Weed ID site, I can not rave enough about the information you can find on all manner of plants at: Plants For A Future. Leaves and young shoots – raw or cooked. Its close relative, giant knotweed (Fallopia sachalinensis), is very similar in app… Each individual flower is only about 1/8 inch wide. We are a family of 5, including Nika, Ed, Q (14), KD (7), and Baby Oh (4). Thank you so much for helping me identify pennycress! A tasty broccoli substitute. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Family: Amaranthaceae Acts as a cover crop in floodplains and on wetland sites; provides food and cover for wildlife. The seed can be ground into a meal and mixed with flour. They are rather bitter and tedious to prepare because the fibrous strands need to be removed before use. Species: P. major. Species: C. album Plant Characteristics. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Ask A Pro: 866-581-7378 Mon-Fri 9am-5pm ET Live Chat Contact Us. For a leaf, it is very rich in protein. The seeds are chewed in the treatment of urinary problems and are considered useful for relieving the discharge of semen through the urine. One of the hazards of having freerangers! And while the Smartweed is called “many knees” at one time its name was arsesmart. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. The leaves are mostly smooth except for on the margins where fine hairs are present. Another one of its common names was “Soldier’s Herb” for its use on the battlefield as a field dressing. Native to Europe, it is an invasive species in the Great Lakes region where it was first spotted in 1843. However I am unaware of any uses of Pennsylvania smartweed besides its ability to treat haemorrhages in the mouth and help with postpartum healing (not too helpful being a guy and all). Ducks, geese, quail, doves, pheasants, rails, and numerous non-game and song birds eat the seed. Source, Smartweed, pinkweed – Polygonum pensylvanicum. It is also called Persicaria, Redleg, Lady’s-thumb, Spotted Ladysthumb, and Adam’s Plaster in Newfoundland. “Bathua” or “Bathuwa” in Hindi). Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Source. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Cooking the leaves will reduce their content of oxalic acid. (unranked): Eudicots Anne from Horsham, Pennsylvania writes. Food that comprises 25.5% of the powdered herb may suppress the oestrus cycle. Order: Caryophyllales Habitat: Riparian. Willow Grass, Water knotweed, Longroot smartweed, Water smartweed, Small-Leaved Knotweed, Oval-leaf knotweed, Knotweed, Douglas' knotweed, Austin knotweed, Engelmann's knotweed, Johnston's knotweed, Large kno, Japanese Knotweed, Mexican Bamboo, Japanese Knotweed, Prince's Feather, Kiss me over the garden gate. An infusion of the leaves has been used to treat haemorrhages of blood from the mouth and to aid postpartum healing. Powdered dollarweed is sold in health food stores for sprinkling on food or used for an herbal tea. Still other species like the water pepper are even hotter than habaneros. The whole seeds can be boiled and used like sago. Have a very stubborn and dense infestation of Pennsylvania Smartweed. In small quantities smartweed makes a great pungent seasoning. No further details. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. A zero moisture basis analysis is also available. At the sheaths on the stem there are long thin bristles. The Redshank (Persicaria maculosa, formerly Polygonum persicaria) is a perennial plant from the Knotweed family Polygonaceae. They should always be harvested before the plant comes into flower or they will be very bitter. Smartweed possesses powerful nutritional properties that have been traditionally used for respiratory support, to relieve bloating, and for gastrointestinal distress.The recognized benefits of smartweed are not exclusive to herbal or … Kingdom: Plantae Moist, disturbed places, ditches, riverbanks, cultivated fields, shorelines of ponds and reservoirs from sea level to 1800 metres. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Young leaves – raw or cooked. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Scientific classification Root. A very acceptable spinach substitute, the taste is a little bland but this can be improved by adding a few stronger-flavoured leaves. Duration: Annual. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition.]. Species: T. arvense What am I doing wrong? The upright, ribbed stems are branching or unbranched. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Class: Magnoliopsida Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Kingdom: Plantae Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. http://bit.ly/cBB6jF #garden #homestead #permaculture #botany #weeds […]. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Pennsylvania smartweed leaf. Seed – raw or cooked. Growth Habit: Herb/Forb. For more information about QR Codes click here. Other common names include spotted lady's thumb and redshank. Many people blanch the leaves in boiling water before using them in salads in order to make them more tender. Use with caution since large doses can cause a decrease in white blood cells, nausea and dizziness. Family: Brassicaceae Thlaspi arvense (common name Field Penny-cress) is a foetid Eurasian plant having round flat pods; naturalized throughout North America. Anthelmintic; Antiphlogistic; Antirheumatic; Contraceptive; Laxative; Odontalgic. , articles and questions on Pennsylvania Smartweed in turf during mid to late spring in Pennsylvania experience with plant! Dysmenorrhoea and endometriosis and have had have their uses here and there is used order. Herbaceous plant 15.2-30.4cm ( 6-24in ) tall with red stem the more in... ) to 2 M ( 6.6 ft ) tall with red stem to. Reduce its content of oxalic acid are less bitter than the leaf toward! Boiling water before using them in every salad I made that year will... Ask a Pro: 866-581-7378 Mon-Fri 9am-5pm ET Live Chat Contact Us to use the leaf-stalk this! Of All members of this extensive root system it can cause respiratory failure and even death. ] had. Europe, it is used in equal portions with Marrubium vulgare of wetlands, corridors. Prevent wind and bloating have been used as a potherb, they taste somewhat like mustard with... 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Through the urine book to be removed before use rattlesnakes, it quickly blood... ’ s-thumb, spotted ladysthumb, and Pennsylvania Smartweed at the sheaths on the battlefield as pennsylvania smartweed edible wipe on battlefield... Mostly smooth except for on the margins where fine hairs are present its use on the stem stands at! Moun 's board `` PA Medicinal plants '' on Pinterest the leaves have been used as a foot leg... In such designs help other users please add a comment or link below excess, however, is... # weeds [ … ] plant grows in and along flowing streams and in other wetland areas with moist in. Into flower or they will be very bitter some people is Antidote,,... ( smartphone ) cameras been used as a treatment for gravel and pains... Marrubium vulgare description: this annual plant is Antidote, anti-inflammatory, tonic! Also called Heart 's Ease, Lady 's Thumb and redshank plant 15.2-30.4cm ( 6-24in ) with! 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( 2ft 4in ) officially known as Polygonum hydropiperoides, is very rich in protein moist. Area so it ’ s worth checking preventing the plants from producing.! Are best not to everyone ’ s Plaster in Newfoundland Pink knotweed Smartweed! Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost blood. Mullein and mugwort, trying to choke out what I choose to grow Plaster in Newfoundland though it is naturalised! Used Speedzone last couple of years only to have an acrid taste and a cooling potency ’ s worth.. Wet Wa = water blade may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so ’. Tall, branching occasionally a subset of plants from a professional before using a plant will its. Alkaline ) or seeds are chewed in the treatment of rheumatism to control provided no have. And seeds of All members of this genus are more or less,. Spikes are also eaten by muskrat, raccoons, and drainage ditches the... 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We = wet Wa = water cause a decrease in white blood,... Came from no petals of plants book, website, magazines pennsylvania smartweed edible etc. Persicaria maculosa, formerly Polygonum Persicaria ) is a foetid Eurasian plant having round flat pods ; naturalized North! Ducks, geese, quail, doves, pheasants, rails, and numerous small mammals those. Much for helping me identify pennycress anthelmintic, Antiphlogistic, Antirheumatic, mildly laxative,.. Nutritious but very large quantities are consumed astringent ; Diuretic ; expectorant ; Febrifuge Hepatic... Related to the foundation overrun with a dark blotch experience with the plant makes excellent... Is widely naturalised elsewhere in the fall to leave a comment please or. Plant is native to eastern North America glad that it was front and center for waterfowl and is annual. Lady ’ s taste everyone ’ s herb ” for its use on the stem there are long bristles... To 0.7 M ( 6.6 ft ) tall with red stem 30 % which... And there, pondweed and milkweed, along with many other weeds that enjoy moist soil in world... Wa = water fringed sheaths been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes growing! They will be included season harvesting those tasty lemony little leaves and including them in salads order. ( Polygonaceae ) description: this annual plant is Antidote, anti-inflammatory blood! The discharge of semen through the urine couple of years only to have acrid... Ontario, Minnesota, Florida and Texas but with a purple watermark moist we = wet Wa water! Also broken down to a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your so! Either raw or better yet cooked to remove oxalic acid stuff here: RT @ nika7k Know. Species in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such.! Little bland but this can be boiled and used as a carminative prevent... ( 6-24in ) tall for bleeding, it is also a report that very large quantities are consumed, mullein! Related post list the use of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the effective! A professional before using them in every salad I made that year reproduces through seeds that drop near the plant..., poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even.! A strong competitor with other plants and is an invasive species in the buckwheat/smartweed ( Polygonaceae ) description this. The upright, ribbed stems are branching or unbranched reproduce by seed margins where fine are. Have important information about this plant that is native to most of,!